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Resources (for lawyers)

Convention on the Rights of the Child
Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Child Trafficking

Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children
Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings
European Union Framework Decision on Combating Trafficking in Human Beings

EU Directive 2011


Child Labour

Slavery Convention
Protocol amending the Slavery Convention
Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, the Slave Trade, and Institutions and Practices Similar to Slavery
ILO Convention 138, Minimum Age
International Labour Organization Convention 182 Concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour
Recommendation 190 Concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR)

Other useful documents

Safeguarding children who may have been trafficked

Issued jointly by the Department for Education and the Home Office, this is intended to help agencies and their staff safeguard and promote the welfare of children who may have been trafficked. It should be used in conjunction with the related statutory guidance ‘Working together to safeguard children’.

Anti trafficking monitoring group briefings

A two page paper exploring whether discrimination based on nationality, gender or experience plays a part in NRM decision making process. ecpat.org.uk/sites/default/files/atmg_briefing_discrimination_in_the_identification_process.pdf

A two page paper exploring the special measures for children contained in the Council of Europe Trafficking Convention.

Home Office guidance aimed at first responder who identify potential child trafficking and child slavery victims in the UK. Published on the 21 March 2016, it provides definitions of key terms employed by the Home Office .

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